World No Tobacco Day

Achievements

Participatory Tobacco Use Prevention Programme among the Youths and Adolescents Living in Two Slums of Kolkata MANT implemented the Project for three years (2005-2007) with support from Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India and World Health Organization-India. The programme was implemented with active support from Kolkata Municipal Corporation and Department of Health and Family Welfare Government of West Bengal. The focus of the programme was reducing the number of new tobacco users through community education, face-to-face counseling, IEC campaign and involvement of youths in prevention of tobacco use.

Objectives: 

1.To dater and control tobacco use among adolescents and youths in and around two slums of Kolkata. 

2.To dater the onset of tobacco use among adolescents and youths. 

3.To support those adolescents and youths willing to quit tobacco.

Major Achievements: 

The program has reached out more than 30,000 adolescents and youths.Under this project MANT was able to conduct a Baseline and a rapid end –line survey among the adolescents and youths. The major comparative observations of the two surveys are the following:

 

Findings of Baseline Survey: 

1. 31.67% consumed cigarette and 11% consumed bidi everyday. 22% took cigarette and 11% took bidi occasionally.

2. 34% consumed chewing tobacco everyday while 15.33% consumed chewing tobacco occasionally.

3. 45.33% of non-user respondents would probably take tobacco during next 12 months, 30.67% would definitely take it. 

4. 46% of the respondents opined that they would definitely take tobacco offered by their peers, while 22.33% said they probably would take the same.

5. 46.33% of respondents have thought to quit tobacco during past 12 months, while 31.67% did not think so. 

6. According to smoking experiences of the respondents, 68% have tried Cigarette and 37% have tried bidi and 56% have tried chewing tobacco .

 

Findings of Rapid End-line Survey:

1.22% of the respondents who were non-user of tobacco said that they would probably take tobacco offered by their peers.

2.24% non-user respondents would take tobacco within a year to come. 

3.30% youths consumed chewing tobacco everyday as against 12% consumed chewing tobacco occasionally. 

4.31% consumed cigarettes, 10% bidi everyday while 15% took cigarettes and 7% took bidi time and often.

5. 64% have tried cigarettes as against 37% have tried bidi and 54% tried chewing tobacco.

6. 74% of the respondents reported that they wanted to quit tobacco “very much” and 26% claimed to be “very sure” that they would be able to quit. 

From the above table it can be safely said that there is little decline in tobacco use among young people as the project focuses on the preventive aspects of tobacco use.

Activities:

Advocacy programmes for both the officials of the KMC and elected representatives:

An advocacy programmes was organized by involving leaders of the youth clubs, elected representatives, teachers, health personnels, Political Activists, NGO/CBO representatives and Officials of Kolkata Municipal Corporation along with other concerned group of people to sensitize them about the importance of the programme and to involve them in programme implementation with a view to promote enabling environment. 

Sensitization programme for the teachers of the local schools

15 sensitization programmes was organized for the teachers in their respective schools to capacitate them to be the resource persons to disseminate anti-tobacco messages in schools regularly and to involve them in formation of anti-tobacco clubs in their respective schools and in organization of school awareness programmes and weekly discussions in schools.  

Awareness Campaign: 

#30 Theatrical presentations on the harmfulness of tobacco in Schools and in community.

#Audio visual campaign on tobacco menace at schools, youth clubs and workplaces.

#Group discussions at schools (with the members of the anti-tobacco clubs), youth clubs, workplaces and community meeting places.

#15 Awareness campaigns for the parents of the adolescents at schools.

#1 one day convention of youths on “Understanding the Tobacco menace”.

#Prepared flash cards on the harmfulness of tobacco to facilitate the discussions and awareness generation campaign. 

#Sensitization of heads of the Youth Clubs, small shop owners, parents and community leaders.

#Smoke Free Football Tournament. 

#Sensitization Programme for the Small Vendors.

#Awareness Campaigns for the Parents.

No Tobacco days: 

2006:Tobacco Free Concert at RabindraSadan, Kolkata. Eminent Singer Smt. NupurChakraborty and renowned Bangla Band ParasPathar performed in presence of Dr. SubodhDey, MMIC-Health, Kolkata Municipal Corporation, other dignitaries and more than 600 youths.

2007: Art Camps at Schools and Art Camp by Involving the Renowned Artists of Bengal and Final Exhibitions and Facilitation Ceremony

2008:With request from West Bengal Correctional Services, Government of West Bengal, MANT has prepared a drama coupled with folk songs for the inmates of the Presidency Correctional Home. The Secretary of MANT wrote and directed the play. The drama was performed by the inmates in Presidency, Alipur Central, and Dumdum Central Correctional Homes on 31st May, 2008 in august presence of IG (Correctional Services), and other dignitaries. More than 5000 inmates enjoyed the play and Audio-visual presentation prepared by MANT.

 In addition, Tobacco Control Cell, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal supported to organize street theatres in 4 corners of Kolkata City. On 30th May MANT could organize participatory street plays in Gariahat Crossing, Hazra Crossing, in front of Academy of Fine Arts and in Tiljala. A leaflet was prepared for the occasion and distributed among spectators. More than 10000 people saw the plays.  

2009: Road Rally:  In partnership with Picnic Saba Samity along with 12 youth clubs MANT could organiise the rally which was participated by 45 youths. Before the race a planned Public Campaign through Public Address system for 7 days in 19 neighbourhoods was of Tiljala and Topshia area was conducted along with wall writing and postering for the Rally. The Prize Distribution Ceremony was organized  at the end of the Race which was attended by  5000 people. 

Awareness Campaign in Correctional Homes: A short skit was prepared and presented by the Inmates of the correctional homes and the skit was presented in 3 Central Correctional Homes of Kolkata. 

2010: Debate Competition among youths and adolescents of Purulia. 

2013: Manbhum Ananda Ashram Nityananda Trust (MANT) with all embracing support from Voluntary Health Association of India (VHAI), New Delhi, India had organized a Press Meeting & a Multi-Departmental Panel Discussion in the calm and quiet ambience of Press Club, Kolkata, West Bengal, India as an imperative ingredient of World No Tobacco Day observance; with the intention of creating an upbeat responsiveness of News Publishing Houses in Banning Tobacco Advertisement, Promotion & Sponsorship by Tobacco Companies. An assortment of leading lights from different walks of the society had ornamented the Programme. President’s chair had been adorned by the presence of Dr. Subrata Maitra, Honourable MDEG, Dept. of Health & Family Welfare, West Bengal, India.  Programme had also been decked by Mr. Sujit Ganguly, D.C, Seventh Battalion, Lalbazar, Mr. Debang Gandhi, an eminent national level Cricket Player, Kalyan Choudhury; a reverent Cricket Player of Bengal, Himadri Majumder, Consultant, WBSTCC, Dr.Chandidas Mukherjee, Secretary, MANT & others. Various Media Houses like – AIR News, Kalantar, Dainik Statesman, Anandabazar Patrika, Bengal Editor, Aaj Tak, Sambad Pratidin, The Statesman, Times of India, Telegraph and Rajasthan Patrika were present to cover the Press Meeting & Multi-Departmental Panel Discussion. For MANT, the programme was the Gateway to the Movement against any Tobacco-use, Sale, Advertising, Promotion & Sponsorship!!!!

Advocacy for Effective Implementation of National Tobacco Control Act in West Bengal:

During 2008-2009 MANT implemented an advocacy programme for Effective Implementation of National Tobacco Control Act in West Bengal with support from Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Government of India & World Health Organization-India. The project was a joint venture of MANT, Tobacco Control Cell, West Bengal, in association with Kolkata Municipal Corporation. 

Objectives:

 SUPPORT elected counselors, municipal authorities, officials of municipal administration and other concerned persons in understanding the importance, benefits, genesis and provisions of the National Tobacco Control Act;

 DEVELOP the capabilities of municipal authority and community stakeholders to identify and analyze needs and develop appropriate policies and programmes for proper implementation of Smoke Free Provisions of the National Tobacco Control Act;

 INVOLVING all the elected representatives in strengthening proposed NTCP in Kolkata;

 DOCUMENT the process to support learning and sharing of lessons.

Activities 

• Translated and printed Bengali version of COTPA, 2003

• Obtained approval from the State Government for the Bengali Translation of COTPA, 2003

• Prepared 5 Audio-video Materials for Advocacy Workshops

• Sensitization Programmes for the Implementing Authorities

• NGO orientation Programme

• Health Workers Training

• Advocacy Workshops for Elected Representatives

The project was initiated on 28th November, 2009 at SawasthyaBhaban Auditorium (2nd Floor), Salt Lake City, Kolkata which was graced by Dr. (Smt.) SanchitaBakshi, DHS, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal, Dr. Dipankar Mukherjee, Dy. CMHO, Kolkata Municipal Corporation; Dr. SatyabanGhosh, ADHS-Oncology and Nodal Officer, State Tobacco Control Cell, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal; and Mr. Sunil Paul, Eminent Artist.

Sensitization Workshop on National Tobacco Control Law for the Officials of Labour Department, Government of West Bengal

Objectives of the Programme:

• Advocate with officials of Labour Department to support & enforce the COTPA, 2003 in their jurisdiction

• Increase the level of participation of the officials of the department in implementation of the law in their public premises

• Build capacity of the officials of the department for effective implementation of COTPA 2003 in West Bengal. 

Details of the Programme:

Venue: Directorate of Industry, Department of Labour Government of West Bengal, Behala Industrial Estate, 620, D.H. Road, Kolkata

20 Labour Inspectors took part in the programme.

State Level Capacity Building Workshops for NGO Personnel on Tobacco Control in Kolkata on 9th January 2009

The enforcement of National Tobacco Control Law at the state and district level is the responsibility of the respective state governments. It is now widely accepted fact that capacity building workshops could play a pivotal role to sensitize and capacitate the NGO personnel on genesis, provisions and benefits of the effective implementation of the law and their specific roles and responsibilities. Hence it could be safely said that the sensitization and capacity building of NGO personnel is imperative for effective enforcement of tobacco control laws.

Objectives:

1. To advance the knowledge about genesis, importance, benefits and provisions of COTPA among the personnel from NGO sector 

2. To ensure that NGOs will take a leading role in lobbying for effective implementation of COTPAin West Bengal through learning more skills and gaining new experience 

Date and Venue

State Level Capacity Building Workshop for the NGOs at Indthalia, 12A, Hindustan Park, Opp. Basanti Devi College (near Kingbadanti), Rashbehari Avenue, Gariahat, Kolkata on 9th January 2009

Participants: 

26 NGO personnel from 13 NGOs participated in this workshop.

Dignitaries and Resource Persons Present: 

Dr. SatyobanGhosh, State Nodal Officer, State Tobacco Control Cell, and ADHS-Oncology, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal 

Dr. UtpalSanyal, Sr. Scientific Officer and Head, Department of Anti-cancer Drug Development and Chemotherapy, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata 

Mr. A.K. Pati, Chairman, Board of Studies- Social Work, NetajiSubhash Open University, Kolkata

Ms. Tina Khanna, Outreach Officer, HRIDAY, New Delhi

PriyankaDahiya, Legal Officer, HRIDAY, New Delhi,

Ms. DevikaChadha, Project Director, Salaam Bombay Foundation, Mumbai

State Level Capacity Building Workshops for Law Enforcers

The Workshop was organized at Krystal Chopstick, (2nd Floor), 71H, Hindustan Park, Kolkata-700029, Opposite Basanti Devi College, Rashbehari Avenue on 10th January 2009

Participants: 

46 law enforcement officials from 4 departments (Health, Police, Labour and Education) and Kolkata Municipal Corporation

Dignitaries and Resource Persons Present: 

Honorable Justice Mr. SailenTalukdar, Kolkata High Court,

Dr. SatyobanGhosh, State Nodal Officer, State Tobacco Control Cell, and ADHS-Oncology, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal 

Mr. S Sarkar, DC-DD (Special), Kolkata Police, 

Mr. Ajay Mitra, Advocate, Kolkata High Court.

Dr. Srabani Mittal, Senior Consultant, (WHO-GOI), State Tobacco Control Cell, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal 

Dr. BidyutMazumdar, Junior State Consultant (WHO-GOI), State Tobacco Control Cell, Department of Health and Family Welfare, Government of West Bengal 

Dr. UtpalSanyal, Sr. Scientific Officer and Head, Department of Anti-cancer Drug Development and Chemotherapy, Chittaranjan National Cancer Institute, Kolkata 

Ms. Tina Khanna, Outreach Officer, HRIDAY, New Delhi

PriyankaDahiya, Legal Officer, HRIDAY, New Delhi,

Mrs. PapiyaSen, Executive Director of MANT, Kolkata 

Major Achievements in Tobacco Control:

1. After capacity building programme the Kolkata Police with support from MANT and State Tobacco Control Cell took the initiative and urged all the restaurant and bar owners of Kolkata City to comply with the provisions of COTPA, 2003. Now more than 90% of the Restaurants and Bars are Smoke-free in Kolkata.

2. MANT supported the smoke-free correctional home initiatives of West Bengal Correctional Services and all the central correctional homes are declared as smoke-free.

3. In all major offices of Kolkata police and Kolkata Municipal Corporation signages were placed at proper places.